Women's hats in Joseon Dynasty - Korean traditional clothing

Women's hats of the Joseon Dynasty were not so varied compared to men's. Here are some of hats of women used in Joseon which was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries from 1392 to 1897.

For hats for men in Joseon (Chosun) period, please refer to the following:

Hwagwan (화관; 花冠)

It is an anadem used by royal women (such as Queen, Crown Princess) and upper class women.

Korean hats
Hwagwan. Owned by the SEOUL MUSEUM OF HISTORY

Jokduri (족두리; 簇頭里)

A jokduri is a type of Korean traditional coronet worn by women for special occasions. It's still used today in weddings.

Korean hats
Jokduri. Photo source: Encyclopedia of Korean culture (http://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Contents/Item/E0052820)

Gulle (굴레)

A gulle is a type of sseugae, Korean traditional headgear, worn by children aged one year to five years old during the late Joseon period.

Gulle - Korean hats
Gulle. Photo source: Yedam (Click the photo to visit the site.)

Jobawi (조바위)

It is a type of traditional Korean winter cap with earflaps which was worn by women and was made of silk.

Korean hat
A jobawi worn by a woman near Korean Folk Village. Photo source: Wikipedia.

Ayam (아얌)

An ayam is a Korean traditional winter cap mostly worn by women in the Joseon period to be protected against the cold.

Korean hat
Ayam. Copyright by Yu Nam-hae of the Academy of Korea Studies.
Korean hat - Ayam
Ayam. Owned by Hanyang University Museum

Nambawi (남바위)

It's also a type of traditional Korean winter hat worn by both men and women for protection against the cold.

Korean hats for women
Nambawi. Owned by Seoul National University (ⓒYu Nam-hae of the Academy of Korea Studies)
Korean hats for women
Owned by Hanyang University Museum and copyright by Yu Nam-hae of the Academy of Korea Studies.

Bolkki (볼끼)

A bolkki is a hat used in winter for protection from cold.

Korean hats for women in Joseon period
Owned by Dankook University SeokJuSeon Memorial Museum. (ⓒ Yu Nam-hae of the Academy of Korea Studies)

Garima (가리마)

A hat worn by a kisaeng or a woman who worked in Naeuiwon in Joseon period.

Korean hats - Garima for women
The second woman (kisaeng) from the right (who has a pipe) is wearing a garima. Hyewon pungsokdo.

Jangot (장옷)

It is a type of clothing worn by women of the Joseon period as a veil to cover their faces. Jangot is similar to durumagi, or the outer jacket of a hanbok. The difference is a jangot has a collar and a ribbon for tying.

Jangot - Korean clothing
Jangot. Painted by Shin Yunbok or Hyewon (1758- early 19c)

Jeonmo (전모; 氈帽)

It is a kind of hat worn by women when they go out in the Joseon Dynasty. A Jeonmo was normally worn by the lower classes, and was not much worn by the upper classes.

Jeonmo - Korean hats for women
Owned by Dankook University SeokJuSeon Memorial Museum and copyright by Yu Nam-hae of the Academy of Korea Studies.
Jeonmo for women in Korea
A model is wearing a jeonmo in Korean Traditional Dance, Surrey Fusion Festival 2010. Photo: Brendan from Vancouver , Canada

Neowool (너울)

Women in palaces or of upper classes wore a neol to cover their faces.

Neowool - Korean hats for women
A palace woman is wearing a neowool. Source: Ka Rae Do Gam Eui Gue(嘉禮都監儀軌)

 


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